Diseases that cause red discoloration in bananas
Bananas can become red due to a variety of causes. Some are fungal infections, while others can be caused by a lack of minerals.
But the red discoloration is not a sign that bananas are contaminated with HIV, according to a report by Politifact.
It’s not a health risk to eat bananas with red discoloration, but it’s best not to eat them if you’re worried about their safety.
The viral rumor started after a Facebook user posted photos of a red-streaked banana.
The user, Anna Aquavia, said that her friend’s sister had purchased bananas with the blood of an HIV patient.
The story was later proven to be a hoax.
The viral spread of the disease is unknown. It’s unlikely that the fruit itself can transmit the virus, but it can be spread through pruning tools.
Infection is also believed to occur through root-to-root contact, water movement, and insect contact.
Infected bananas are infectious due to the ooze from the male bell and the sap from various parts of the fruit.
Virus needs a human host cell
A virus needs a human host cell to replicate and reproduce in the body.
Most parts of the human body have strong skin protective barriers, but some tissues do not.
For instance, the lungs and the small intestine are covered by only a single layer of epithelial cells. Viruses must colonize these tissues to replicate.
Viruses cannot replicate on their own and must use the protein synthesis pathways of the host cell in order to replicate.
They then insert genetic material into the host cell and use the host cell’s proteins to create viral replicates.
Different viruses have different replication cycles, but the overall process is similar for all viruses.
Viruses are able to reproduce by completing six steps: attachment, penetration, uncoating, replication, and virion release.
The first step in virus replication is to infect a human cell. The virus has two receptors on the surface of the host cell.
One is called the primary receptor, CD4, which is on the surface of most macrophages and T cells.
The secondary receptor, CCR5 or CXCR4, allows the virus to enter the host cell and replicate.
Infection of a human host cell is dangerous because the virus can cause serious disease or even death.
Can be spread by eating infected bananas
The most severe banana virus disease is a bunchy top disease, which is transmitted by the banana aphid.
It has a global distribution and can be spread through contact with infected plantation planting material.
Infected plants usually develop a rosetted appearance, and they do not recover.
The disease is spread through the rainy season. In Colombia, a large banana plantation was infected after staff noticed some suspicious symptoms on banana trees.
The government forced farmers to destroy infected trees.
This action resulted in a decline in the number of infected trees, but infection rates increased in subsequent years.
Bananas are a popular commodity in Tanzania and in much of East Africa.
The average person in these countries consumes 400 kilograms of bananas a year.
This makes the disease a major threat to the sustainability of the banana crop.
Infection with this bacterial pathogen, which was once found only in Ethiopia, has now spread to the countries around Lake Victoria.
If you’ve eaten a banana that has been infected with the disease, seek medical attention.